Thursday, December 22, 2016

PEACE SEEDS 2018 List

PEACE SEEDS 2018 List
A Planetary Genome Pool Service
Plant Breeding for the Public Domain
Pacific Northwest Species Seeds
OG since '73
Alan and Linda Kapuler
2018

To Order
Send your list of requests to Peace Seeds, 2385 SE Thompson St., Corvallis OR 97333-1919 USA, with a check or postal money order for the appropriate amount including $3, shipping and handling. For orders outside of the USA, please include 30% of cost of order for airmail postage and handling. We can be e-mailed at alkapuler@yahoo.com.

Dedication
     To Peace Seedlings, a next generation seed company dedicated to public domain
organic plant breeding and the conservation of biodiversity with a remarkable offering of
Andean tubers that includes oca, mashua, maca, yacon and ulluco. We thank and appreciate
the continual hard work, perseverance and devotion of Dylana Kapuler and Mario DiBenedetto.
     To Tracy and Dan Lamblin for their support of public domain plant breeding and a better
world for everyone.

For a 15 minute video tour of our main greenhouse, google Kinship Garden.
For our new website see PeaceSeedsLive.com which contains many aspects of our
endeavor and its 4 decades long history. 

Appreciation and Recognition
To Dylana Kapuler and Mario DiBenedetto, dba peaceseedlingsseeds.blogspot.com
       For a 2018 list send a SASE to 2385 SE Thompson St., Corvallis OR 97333 USA.
To PeaceSeedlings for public domain breeding breakthoughs and success with Andean roots.
To Kusra Kapuler for assembling, organizing and developing our new website PeaceSeedsLive.com.
To Alex Curnew aka GAlexC for his ongoing help.
To James Lawson for PeaceSeeds.com.
To Hal Brown Sr., Hal Brown Jr., Tracy and Dan Lamblin for ongoing fundamental support.
To Judy Weiner, Windy River Farm for the Peace Seeds logo and for turning us on to
     David Rains Wallace, a modern Charles Darwin.
To GRIN and seedfolk locally and worldwide.
To Sarangamat Gurusiddian Ph.D. for collaboration in the amino acid analyses.
To Dominique Guillet (Kokopelli Seeds) for his courage, dedication and commitment to public      domain seeds, a healthy world and a loving planetary society.
To the Public Domain of Life that holds in trust biodiversity for everyone.
To Bob Dylan, Joan Baez and The Grateful Dead.
Thanks to all of you, the endeavor grows.

Terms of Business
       We are responsible that the seeds we supply are fertile and correctly labeled. We are glad to reimburse anyone dissatisfied to the cost of seeds and no more, or to re-supply given kinds. We are not responsible for the mis-use of the seeds or the plants that arise from them. Our seeds exceed state and federal germination requirements. We list the minimum number of seeds per packet. Frequently we pack more, depending on the harvest. Seeds from our breeding work and other staple crops are grown on our 3 acre organic garden aka Brown's Garden. A few kinds come from our home garden. The remainder are wildcrafted in the PNW.

Introduction
       After decades of writing seed lists and catalogs, this is the fifth time using the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group System, called APG. For a good introduction see P. Spears 2006 A Tour of the Flowering Plants, Missouri Botanical Garden Press or look on-line under APG. Peter Stevens discussion of current plant taxonomy in the APG/MOBOT website is difficult, excellent and inspiring. APG 4 has recently been introduced. We encourage people to do a google image search for the species and cultivars that we offer and to look into Wikipedia on-line for more information about germinations, ecology and horticulture.

The Angiosperms= The Flowering Plants
MONOCOTS Alismatales
          Alismataceae
                  Sagittaria latifolia             Wapato, Katniss, Arrowhead            
                                50 seeds/3.00;  small turions are $3 each
        A widespread aquatic food plant of north America, used by natives for untold centuries and of major importance in the pacific northwest where it also feeds ducks, geese, muskrats, nutria and beavers. Plants are attractive, to 3', with large arrow-shaped leaves and spikes of 1" white flowers, male and female on the same flowering spikes, sometimes sexes on different plants. Seeds are fresh collected from the plants we grow. Sow seeds on moist flats in spring, keep moist for several months, let dry out for several months during summer and then water in the fall when they will germinate.
      Sam Thayer aptly says that although invisible to most the swamps that grow the turion=tuber growing Sagittarias provide the staff of life for foragers.
         The tubers can be dropped in a shallow water (6-20 inches deep) pond or tub with several inches of soil on the bottom. After they grow roots, they will sink to the bottom, root in and make leaves, flower and eventually seeds. Supplies are limited.
Asparagales 
           Agavaceae 
                            Camassia leichtlinii
                            Camas Hyacinth, major   Maturity 2-5 years  see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
          One of the major PNW Amerindian food plants. The common and widely distributed species with edible bulbs and attractive purple flowers. This was one of the major food plants of this bioregion prior to the Columbian exchange (see the books 1491 and 1493 by Charles Mann for a mind opening unveiling of life in the New World before and after Columbus). At one time, the Willamette Valley in springtime was a blue-purple blaze from the coast range to the Cascades as the camas was widespread and prolific. Camas was tended with care by the native peoples who harvested it. Now it is marginalized. Burbank, 85 years ago bred cultivars with large bulbs and a variety of flower colors including pinks, blues, pale yellows, to show that this is a multifaceted taxon with delicious bulbs and beautiful flowers. The fresh bulbs are an ivory white when harvested in the fall, getting up to hen's egg in size, about the same size as wapato. Camassia is biologically close to the agaves. Both are rich in inulins, polymers of fructose. Inulins are important food for microbes in our intestines. Chicories and yacon are also rich in inulins.
                          Camassia quamash 
                          Camas Hyacinth, minor      see peaceseedlingsseeds.blogspot.com
           One of several species of camas used by the PNW natives as a primary vegetable food plant. Flowers are blue-purple, smaller than C. leichtlinii, as are the bulbs. Used for centuries, baked in pit ovens whence the bulbs which contain inulins caramelize into a delicious food,
            In 1998, Gurusiddiah and Kapuler analyzed the juice of a camas bulb and found 15/20 amino acids used in protein synthesis in the juice. The highest amounts were, in descending order, arginine, cysteine, threonine, isoleucine, aspartic acid, tyrosine, serine and histidine. In comparison with other vegetables, the camas is unusually high in some of the rarer amino acids needed by our bodies for making proteins.
                       Camassia mix           Backyard Mix       50 seeds/3.00
          During the past decades we have been collecting  Camassia leichtlinii and C. quamash and
growing them in our backyard. Generally these two species do not cross since C. quamash flowers
first and C. leichtlinii later. Some flowers are dark brilliant blue, some are pale sky blue, some are
pink while others are white. Most are C. leichtlinii.
         Alliaceae
                     Allium ampeloprasum          Babington Top Setting Leek           10 bulbils/5.00
         Perennializing hardy heirloom with bulbils made on the top of inflorescences as in some garlic and onions. Supplies limited.
                     Allium ampeloprasum        Winter Giant Leeks   see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
         Long white shanks, 1-3" thick, hardy, overwinters well, heirloom.
                    Allium cepa     Newburg Yellow Storage Onion  see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
         An open pollinated selection from an F1 hybrid with excellent biological and agronomic traits; tight wrapped single spherical bulbs, longterm storage, crisp medium hot flavor, selected under organic conditions.
         An amino acid analysis of the juice of one of the early generations of this new cultivar showed significant amounts of arginine, glutamine, serine and leucine.
                   Allium fistulosum        Ishikura Bunching Onion    see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
        A hardy perennializing food plant that gives "green onions" most of the year. The leaves are blue-green, stout and growth is robust.
                  Allium sativum   Italian Purple Garlic-top bulbils    see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
        8-10 large easy peeling cloves per rosette; hard stalk/rocambole cultivar. Bulbils will give rosettes in a single season under fertile conditions.
                  Allium tuberosum                 Garlic Chives                   50/4.00
        Hardy clump forming perennial to a foot or more tall with flat leaves that are good for many culinary purposes. Worth including in a perennial food garden for the temperate climate.
          Amaryllidaceae
              Clivia miniata hybrids     Clivias     $2/seed, minimum order 5 seeds
        About a decade ago I purchased several Clivia seeds from Silverhills Seeds in Southern Africa, grew them up to flowering and then ordered 125 seeds from which more than 80 have now flowered. The crosses were of many kinds. Since C. miniata has both orange and creamy yellow flowers, both of these were used in the crosses as were several other species Clivia caulescens, Clivia gardenii and maybe C. nobilis. These are spectacular flowers with impressive variation in flower color,, shape and cluster. It takes 3-5 years from seed to flower. Clivias prefer part to deep shade, cool non freezing weather and good, unamended garden soil.
              Crinum x powellii             Cape Crinum           1 medium sized flowering bulb $10
        Hardy to zone 6-7, a pink flowering perennial bulb with clusters of flowers and sometimes huge bulbs. A hybrid of Crinum moorei and C. bulbispermum, both South African species. The flowers are fragrant. Plant with 1/3 of bulb above the ground. Please include $5 for shipping. 3 bulbs available.
               Cyrtanthus falcatus            Shepherd's Crook            out of stock
       An unusual relative of Hippeastrums, Amaryllis, Crinums, this perennial bulb has a 180 degree twist in the inflorescence so that the tubular orange and greenish flowers face down. Grown in our greenhouse. Plant so that the top 1/4 of the bulb is above the soil level.
              Scadoxus puniceus          Paintbrush Amaryllid           out of stock
       South African bulb with spike of orange clustered flowers in  late spring before the leaves emerge. Attractive and interesting. We grow these in the ground in our greenhouse in mixed sand, clay and gravel with most of the bulbs above the soil.
       Asparagaceae
                       Asparagus densifolius     10/4.00
     Perennial with thick plumose foliage of distinctive character to 3' and rather cold tolerant, even frozen it is sometimes come up from the crown.                         
       Asparagaceae subfamily Nolinoideae 
                Ruscus aculeatus            Knee Holly/Butcher's Broom             7/5.00     
       Perennial shrub to 2 feet with sharp pointed leaf-like structures and red berries. Is known to increase circulation and is an herbal for varicose veins and hemorrhoids.
        Hyacinthaceae 
              Ornithogalum sandersiae      Giant Chincherinechee                 20/3.50
       South African perennial herb with starry white flowers on 4-5' spike. Good for cut flowers. The common name comes from the sound of the spikes with dry pods rubbing together (cf. Wikipedia). Will not withstand freezing conditions.
  Dioscoriales 
             Dioscoreaceae
                        Dioscorea batatas              Jinengo                                    5/6.00
       Temperate vine that develops 2-3' or longer starchy edible roots, sometimes wrist sized and taking several years. On the vines, small aerial edible bulbils develop which drop to the ground and produce new plants. We supply vegetative seeds. An alternative name is Mountain Yam and this is a true yam, a dioscorea rather than a sweet potato which is a tuberous rooted morning glory with which it is frequently confused. One of our customers instructed us that these aerial seeds grow male plants. Female plants develop entirely different kind of seeds.
  Orchidales
           Orchidaceae 
                    Dendrobium kingianum           Pink Rock Orchid             one 6-8" keiki/$10
        During the 1950's my father and I exhibited orchids in the International Flower Show in the NY Coliseum. In the process I made the acquaintance of G. Hermon Slade from Vanuatu, New South Wales in the south sea islands where he had an extensive orchid collection. He later sent me a plant of this Australian species that is that sole relic of my childhood collection, more than 50 years on. My father kept it alive until the mid 1990's. It is doing better now than in previous decades growing in our cool, shady greenhouse where it is kept dry during the winter to induce flowering.
   Poales
        Cyperaceae 
             Eleocharis dulcis            Water Chestnut                  out of stock
       A favorite and delicious food in Asia, we grow these in water tubs and fish tanks in our greenhouse in several inches of fertile sandy mud submerged in 1-2 feet of water.
            Poaceae
               Zea mays               Double Red Sweet Corn           see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
        Intense purple seeds from anthocyanin pigments similar to the ones found in blueberries. Excellent fresh and makes an extraordinary corn bread both in taste and color. Plants 5-7', 1-2 ears/stalk. Dark purple stalks and leaves. This is the best selection since we began working with high anthocyanin sweet corns more than 15 years ago. A unique addition to the public domain and
provides a parent for many new corns that contain anti-oxidant pigments.
             Zea mays          True Gold Sweet Corn            see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
         In 1955 three acres of Golden Jubilee Sweet Corn gave me food and shelter. One of the best corns bred in the USA, we offer the open pollinated selection from the original hybrid. Plants 6-8' tall, green, cobs with yellow-orange seeds high in zea-xanthin, one of the three pigments that protect our eyes from bleaching. A great sweet corn.
           Zea mays          Rainbow Inca Sweet Corn        see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
         Our first sweet corn breeding project in the late 1970's with white seeded peruvian chokelo starch corn, southwest native Amerindian starch corns and several predominantly heirloom sweet (su) corns, Inadvertently, with the help of underground rodents and persistence, we got some multicolored starch corn with large flat seeds. The year after, we found a few multicolored crinkle seeds in the large mostly starch filled ears. Peace Seedlings has grown up some fresh seeds that we are pleased to offer. 8' green plants. 2 ears/plant.
Zingiberales
            Marantaceae 
                    Thalia dealbata          Water Canna                           5 seeds/4.00
         Attractive and hardy water plant to 6' with panicles of small purple flowers. Seeds are similar to and feel like those of Canna indica.  

DICOTS
Austrobalileyales
            Schisandraceae 
                   Schisandra chinensis         Five Flavor Berry             8 seeds/ 5.00
         Perennial vine that is one of the primary herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Seeds come from Eastern Prince cultivar which is self fertile. The seedlings revert to separate male and female plants.
SUPERASTERIDS
Apiales- close cousins of ginseng and the daisies.
        Apiaceae 
                  Angelica hendersonii            Henderson's Angelica               25/5.00
         A hardy perennial pacific coast native species to 4' tall with white flowers and thick leaves.
                  Angelica lucida                     Sea- watch Angelica                 25/5.00
         Hardy perennial native to coastal species to 4' with white flowers and attractive character.
                  Coriandrum sativum         Coriander/Cilantro         see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
         A spice seed and herb from antiquity and a characteristic of many cuisines. Reseeding annual.
                  Ferula communis                      Giant Fennel                           15/5.00
         A hardy spectacular species with 6' tall flower spikes and clusters of bright yellow flowers.
                  Foeniculum vulgare                 Giant Anise Fennel                  50/ 3.50
        Hardy perennial that makes large clumps, 6-10' tall, of ferny foliage and licorice fragrant seeds.
               Heracleum lanatum             Cow Parsnip or Indian Celery      10/4.00
          Widespread hardy umbel of cold climates. Also called Heracleum maximum. Big plants.

               Heracleum susnowskii          S.Siberian Giant Umbel                25/5.00
        From South Siberia almost 20 years ago, now grown up into plants. 3-4' across leaves and a giant inflorescence of 8-10' tall whose central umbel of tiny white flowers is more that 14" across. Monocarpic with perennial character.
              Ligusticum mutellinum             South Siberian Umbel             25/5.00
        Hardy umbel to 3'. Original seeds from Safanov in 1994. Growing in our garden for decades.    
              Levisticum officinale                         Lovage                        30/3.50
         Hardy European perennial herb. Strong intense aromatic flavor.
                    Lomatium species 
         We have been collecting small amounts of seeds of the desert parsleys, genus Lomatium, mostly from north central Oregon to southern Washington. This endemic genus with 60-80 species native to the Pacific Northwest having a range from northern California to southern British Columbia and extending eastward from the high desert plains to the Rockies has many species used by local native people for food, medicine and survival. Areas that are now occupied by Hanford, WA were once food and species rich making it possible for a person, usually a woman, to gather 60 pounds of edible roots a day. Some species were dried in the sun, pounded into flour and baked into breads. Names like breadroot or biscuitroot were applied to several species. These are not easy to identify though the seeds of each species we have seen thus far are uniquely distinctive. Seeds of Lomatiums have germinated well for us if planted from late November to March so they receive the cycles of rain, cold, frost, mist, sun…
         Growing up larger plants is more difficult. Some species have very long primary taproots that makes transplanting difficult. Soils too are an important factor and good drainage is essential. We use a mixture of basalt scree, pebbles, sand, compost in an ongoing work dedicated to growing these rare, beautiful, and disappearing species.
                    Lomatium dissectum          Fern Leaf Desert Parsley       15/5.00
         Well respected medicinal plant with powerful and bitter roots that come from slow growing large rooted perennials. From the Siskiyou's to the Cascades and in the Gorge, these umbels have yellow, sometimes pale yellow to purple flowers. Root juice contains asparagine and proline in significant amounts.
                  Lomatium grayi                    Gray's Lomatium                     15/5.00
           Our original seed supply came from plants growing on basalt cliffs overlooking the
PNW Columbia River Gorge. The ones we offer come from plants grown in one of our organic
gardens. We plant them in late fall in pots whose soil is predominantly sand and then several
years later transplant the young plants into a sand/gravel bed. When I did this with a foot tall plant,
a piece of the root was coming out the bottom of the gallon pot and it broke off. I rinsed it off
and ate it raw. It was delicious, better than any parsnip or carrot that we have grown.
                    Lomatium nudicaule          Pestle Parsley                          15/5.00
          Eaten as spring greens and winter roots, these small herbs are endemic to the PNW and used by generations of local native peoples for their nutrition and medicine. The seeds were carried and distributed by medicine folk and healers with stories that they were used for bacterial infections like pneumonia and tuberculosis and virus infections like influenza. Ryan Drum considers these seeds an effective and worthwhile replacement for Lomatium dissectum roots. His on-line discussion of this plant also known as the Indian Consumption Plant is most excellent.
                   Lomatium utriculatum            Spring Gold                         10/4.00
          Hardy perennial to 1' with spikes of yellow flowers that bloom for months during springtime. Young leaves and roots were used for food and medicine by the west coast natives. Found from California to British Columbia.
                Myrrhis odorata                     Sweet Cicely                              20/4.00
         Hardy perennial European herb with tasty immature 1/2" licorice tasting fruits that become fluted conical seeds. Attractive ferny foliage.
                Oenanthe pimpinelloides     European Water Parsley       20/4.00
          My sincere apologies for having provided these seeds during the past years under the name of Bunium bulbocastaneum, the Earth Chestnut. I received the seeds from a botanical garden in France under the name of Bunium bulbocastaneum. The plants are reported to make edible roots but mostly they are aggressive ground covers with attractive foliage. Since other members of the genus Oenanthe are toxic, it is wise to be careful in eating this plant. I have eaten small amounts of the leaves with no negative effects. By searching with Google as well as finding a comment in the 2016 Seed Savers Exchange by Greta Loeffelbein suggesting that the plant was actually Conopodium majus only recently was there a Wikipedia entry that looks to have solved the appropriate identification. By examining the photos under image for these three possibilities, only one really works which is Oenanthe pimpinelloides. I will gladly reimburse anyone who received these mis-identified seeds. Bunium bulbocastaneum is also known as black cumin as is Nigella sativa. Both seeds are used as aculinary spices. The seeds for O. pimpinelloides are not fragrant and their shape is different.
This Oenanthe species makes an excellent hardy perennial ground cover that dominates
grasses and can be mowed to make a green path.

                Pastinaca sativa                   Hollow Crown Parsnip                   50/3.50        
 Excellent European Heirloom; long roots, large crowns, excellent flavor.
                Petroselinum crispum           Turkish Parsley                             100/3.00
        Selected from heirloom land races collected for the USDA and adapted to our yard during a decade of acclimatization and selection. Distinctive aroma and flat, thin leaves.
              Smyrnium olusatrum      Alexander's Salad Greens     25/3.00     1 oz/$15
       Another tale of adaptation, selection and weediness: it took awhile for this European species to germinate and adapt to our shady, moist, PNW valley yard. Then a few years ago some nice large green plants flourished in January to March before much else was really thriving. The next year, 1/4 of the yard was occupied by Alexander's. Turns out that the compost pile needs fresh green during the late winter and early spring. Alexander's is a prime ally for compost making, fertility enhancement and tasty spring greens for soup and salad.
      Araliaceae 
               Aralia californica           Elk Clover                                        20/4.00
      Established in our yard as a perennial grown from seed, now 9 years later it has provided an abundant seed crop. Plants are 5-6' tall, sprawling, attractive with clusters of small white flowers and purple berries that are considered by some to be an adaptogen. Stratify for several months at 40F under moist conditions for germination. Likes moist and shady conditions.
Asterales 
        Asteraceae- largest family of dicots, 14-16 tribes, the golden daisies of the sun.
                Acmella oleracea          Spilanthes              see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
        Annual small shrubby medicinal plant with strong flavored leaves and buds used to
overcome wintertime infections and candida.
                Arctium lappa             Takinogawa Burdock, Gobo              40/4.00
       A staple of the macrobiotic and vegan diets. Long roots work their way into clay soils bringing up minerals and breaking thru hardpans. The roots can get bigger than one's wrist. They contribute a unique flavor to soups and stir fries and have nutritional/biochemical traits in common with milk thistle and globe artichoke. Free pre-protein amino acids in descending order of abundance in root juice are: glutamic+asparagine, arginine, proline, glutamine, isoleucine and phenylalanine.
                 Cotula coronopifolia        Brass Buttons                                 25/4.00
      A pacific coast wildflower originally from southern Africa. Hardy and attractive.       
                Cynara cardunculus        Globe Artichoke                               15/4.00
      A venerable foodplant for the edible parts of it's immature flowerbuds. Seeds were collected from winter survivors. About half the time these plants overwinter and then we get a fine harvest. Deep freezes below 20 degrees F kill the plants.
               Helianthus annuus           Supreme Mix        see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
      Our ongoing annual selection from volunteers and plantings after decades of public domain sunflowers breeding including polyheaded and large single heads, early and late flowering single, double, and tiger's eye petal morphs, color variety including bronze, amber, red, gloriosa, yellow, and lemon. Crosses with Helianthus argophyllus, the Silverleaf Sunflower, a rare Texas endemic have given some late giants, stiff multi flowered spikes and a longer flowering season.
              Helianthus annuus x H. argophyllus    China Cat Sunflower Mix    20/5.00
        From crosses of regular sunflowers with the Silverleaf Sunflower arise new combinations on stiff, long stems with fuzzy leaves. This ongoing development combining these species, improves horticultural and aesthetic traits. Towers of flowers and flower-thick spikes are in the genome.
        In 1997 we grew a kinship garden of the daises. With 14-16 tribes, more than 1200 genera and 25,00 species, there was a considerable opportunity to select the representatives (reps) for optimizing our view of daisy diversity. Among the genus Helianthus with 50 reps or so species endemic to the mainland USA, the GRIN network provided seeds for a dozen species and reps of H. annuus from a dozen countries. Several years later, we noticed that within our volunteer sunflowers were some new traits: longer flowering season, particularly at the end of the season, many branches and branches stiffer than usual with occasional whorled flower clusters. It seems that of the 4-5 species that can cross with Helianthus annuus, H. argophyllus is one of them and it was H. argophyllus that contributed the new traits. For more info about the species and the crossing of sunflowers see The Sunflower Species of the United States by C.E. Rogers, T.T. Thompson and GJ Seiler. 1982, pgs 63-66, National Sunflower Association.
         In 2011 we repeated the growout of Helianthus argophyllus and it crossed avidly with our wild sunflowers. The seeds we offer are from the F2-F4 generations. Some of the hybrid plants were 14-16 feet tall and kept flowering for months after the H. annuus had finished flowering.
             Helianthus argophyllus       Silverleaf Sunflower            25/5.00
         A beautiful and invaluable species for its ability to cross easily to the common sunflowers (Helianthus annuus). The plants grow 3-12' tall with soft fuzzy leaves and clusters of 3" yellow petalled flowers with dark centers. The progeny of crosses with common sunflowers (China Cat Sunflowers) can grow 15' and flower for several months longer than regular sunflowers. Birds love them. This is a rare species endemic to the Gulf Coast of southern Texas.
       Smallanthus sonchiflius    Yacon         see peaceseedlingsseeds.blogspot.com
        Tagetes erecta        La Ribera Double Marigolds      see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
       From a single wild collected flower in southern Baja California, we have selected a beautiful polypetalous line with 3-4" thick flowers on 5-7' plants. Late plantings tolerate light frosts.
       Tagetes patula              China Cat Mix Marigolds             50/3.00  
       A mix of single and double flowers. 2-4' shrubs with marvelous colors and patterns. It is our core mix that gives rise to new varieties.
      Tagetes patula             Frances's Choice Marigolds            20/5.00
       Towards the end of Frances Hoffman's life, I would wander through the garden and pick her a bouquet. She was a lifetime seed saver, horticulturist and plant genius so my eyes were open to the unusual and unique. By the time I had picked several dozen kinds of flowers, I walked down a 40' row of China Cat MG and saw a heretofore unseen flower, single with 8 petals, dark red-purple with a gold rim around each petal. I cut the flower and put it in her bouquet and tagged the plant. A few days later, on the phone, she expressed her appreciation for the flowers. Her only specific comment was 'that's a right beautiful single marigold'. So having tagged the plant and collected several mature, fertile, seeding flowers. I planted them the following year and got a 40' row, all with the same flower I sent to Frances. Of particular relevance here is that the seeds from the one plant, now called Frances's Choice bred true in spite of the layout wherein the one plant was in a direct seeded row of about 300 plants of a marigold mix that upon close inspection can be seen to have virtually every plant different from one another. So we found that most of the T. patula's breed true rather quickly. This is not true of Tagetes erecta which outcrosses very easily. Frances's Choice is 3-5' tall and has 8-9" long stems, ideal for picking for small, distinctive and outstanding bouquets.
         Tagetes species              Garden Companion Mix Marigolds        50/3.00 
      We consider marigolds and sunflowers the most important companion flowers in the vegetable garden. This mix returns the tall and wide marigolds to our gardens. Plants are 2-8' tall with a yearly changing mix of colors, patterns and morphs.
          Tagetes patula                Golden Star Marigolds                20/5.00
       2-3' stocky, well branched bushes with hundreds of yellow and orange flowers that change color as the season progresses into burnt chrome, paisley and stardust.
          Tagetes patula                Red Metamorph Marigolds         20/5.00  
      2-3' closely branched shrubs with flowers that change color and pattern during the season making floriforous and attractive hedges along pathways in the garden. In the cool weather of the spring -summer the flowers are all wine-burgundy purple. As the days and nights become warmer, the flowers develop golden orange sectors giving a pinwheel-like appearance. Then the cooler weather of fall comes on, the young flowers become all burgundy once again. The Metamorphs or Face Changers were a race of people created by Robert Silverberg. In our 2017 growout, the plants
flowered from june to november and had remarkable starry eye-catching patterns. 
             Tagetes patula         Sparkler Double Marigolds     20/5.00
     3-5' tall plants with double flowers, a selection of Frances's Choice. Like it's parental line, it has 8-9" flower stems making it another fine choice for marigold bouquets. In Mexico and Central America where Tagetes patula is a wild flower, it and Tagetes erecta are important health promoting herbs. Sacred to the Day of the Dead, these plants are brought into houses and provide sesquiterpene fragrances that inhibit the growth of common infectious bacteria like staph, strep and pneumonia and their viruses. The bright flowers maintain well in mild frosts and last well into fall in the Willamette Valley. They light up our home for months and remind us that fragrance and color from organically grown flowers help our moods, brighten up our spirits and sustain our bodies as winter comes on.
            Tagetes patula             Tiger's Eye Mix Marigolds         50/4.00 
    Robust plants to 3' with a profuse bloom of 2" flowers with large petaloid centers. This is the same phenomenon as seen with sunflowers where doubles cross with singles to give tiger's eyes. These are beautiful and interesting to grow in the annual garden.
            Tanacetum parthenium            Feverfew                         100/4.00
    Hardy perennial herb to 3' with clusters of white flowers having yellow centers and an aromatic fragrance useful in medicinal teas.
            Zinnia violacea           Sunset Zinnia Mix       see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
    A new mix developed by Peace Seedlings with many colors and morphologies on 3-5' plants. Large attractive flowers with some new ones peeking through. Peace Seedlings has been
developing some sensational new zinnias worthy of any garden.
            Zinnia violacea        Crown Tiger's Eye Zinnia             20/5.00
    When the cone of a zinnia fills up with petals, a polypetalous flower is formed. When the colors are iridescent, glowing, bright and subtle, intense and eye-widening and the plants 4' tall it makes more sense to be in the garden than anywhere else. Public domain plant breeding for beauty and true living color.
Boraginales
           Boraginaceae   
                Myosotis scorpioides  Water or True Forget-me-not   25/4.00
      Herbaceous perennial from Europe with light blue petals and yellow eye. Lovely. Early.

Caryophyllales 
        Amaranthaceae includes Chenopodiaceae
                Amaranthus andeana     Elephant Head Heirloom  see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
       A Peruvian woman walked into our greenhouse one day and remarked 'kiwicha' upon seeing the mature cut plants that reminded her of an heirloom grain that she grew up with. Our seed came from Frances Hoffman whose plants in Nampa, ID grew 5' tall and 6' across with tall columnar drooping flower spikes that reminded her of elephants in her garden. Her seed came from Germany in the 1880's. Curiously, Peru and Germany had political connections during that era. In Oregon's Willamette Valley, plants are considerably smaller, 3-4' and seed production is enhanced by letting plants fully age. Beautiful, striking plants.
              Amaranthus cruentus       Hartman's Giant    see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
       Once a year, in Jacksonville Oregon, in the 1970s, Mr. Hartman would fill a glass vase with two pounds of tiny, shiny black seeds and give $100 to the person whose guess of the number of seeds was the closest. I sent some seed to a friend who had an electrobalance to determine that a single seed weighed less than 0.6mg but it did no good, I never won but ended up with seeds of a vigorous cultivar that gets to 10' with large, dark purple paniculate inflorescences with excellent production of seeds.
               Atriplex hortensis    Magenta Orache              25/$4.00
      Dark purple magenta leaves on 3-5' plants make good salads. A reseeding annual.

              Beta vulgaris       Three Root Grex Beets        see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
      A interbreeding mix of three distinctive cultivars, Crosby Egyptian Purple Heirloom, Lutz Overwintering Heirloom and Yellow Intermediate Mangel Heirloom. This grex has been
popular in Maine and other states of the northeastern USA.
            Chenopodium bonus-henricus  Good King Henry, Poorman's Asparagus   25/4.00
     Hardy perennial salad plant to 2' with leaves for steamed greens and flowering spikes for good nutritious food. We mis-identified this for several years with Hablitzia tamnoides.  Thank you for your patience and to the gardener who pointed out our mistake.
           Chenopodium quinoa      Faro Quinoa       see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
      Sea level cultivar from Chile with white seeds, 3-4' plants and fair seed production. Bitter saponins can be washed from the seeds with warm water.
            Hablitzia tamnoides         Caucasus Mountain Vine Spinach           20/5.00 
      Hardy perennial salad plant, unusual and making long running leads with edible leaves. Thanks to Stephen Barstow and Trixtrax for our initial seed supplies. See Barstow's book Around the World in 80 Plants if you like edibles and biodiverse adventure. Our seed supply was collected from three
different cultivars provided by Barstow and Trixtrax and grown in our home organic garden.
     Caryophyllaceae     
           Portulaca oleracea     Verdolaga, Purslane      see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds  
  Summer annual with succulent edible leaves and stems used for salads, steamed greens and stir-fried dishes. Usually grows low to the ground and is a useful garden volunteer.
      Nyctaginaceae
           Abronia latifolia         Yellow Sandverbena                          15/6.00
     One of the most beautiful of the coastal native wildflowers. Sprawling vines grow in PNW coastal beach sand and can make colonies 10-20' across.
      Polygonaceae 
          Polygonum latifolia v. crassus      Nye Beach Polygonum   30/4.00
     While walking in the intertidal strand in Newport, OR, there are scattered relic populations of endemic species. Every once in a while there is a 3-5' diameter mat plant that tenaciously holds to the sand and the adjoining cliff faces. From the dense dried flower clusters it is relative of the bistort, Polygonum bistorta. Thanks to Dan Segal (Ithaca, NY) for helping with the taxonomic identification of this species.
Cornales
     Cornaceae
           Cornus kousa            Kousa Dogwood               5/3.50
      Hardy shrub to small tree with 1" spherical fruits with hard seeds and palatable sweet flesh. Another dogwood, Cornus mas, the Cornelian Cherry Dogwood seems to be somewhat confused with the Kousa Dogwood. The latter has a fruit juice appropriate for a sorbet. The former has a single large seed in a small, rather juiceless fruit.
Dipsacales
         Valerianaceae
                 Valeriana officinalis      Valerian     see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
       From the roots of this hardy biennial/perennial comes a sedative and stress reducing extract. Has a characteristic and unique fragrance in both flowers and roots.
Ericales
         Ericaceae 
                 Arctostaphylos ura-ursi    Kinnickinnnick, Bearberry      8/4.00
       Hardy mat-forming perennial along the sandy coastal strand of the PNW, Uncommon and disappearing. Attractive leaves and red berries.
                Gaultheria shallon                Salal               25/4.00
       Native species with edible fruit. Grows to 4'  in large stands in the coastal strand inland to the beach sand. Some plants have choice edible berries. Others are insipid.
                Vaccinium ovatum      Coastal Huckleberry       30/4.00
       Hardy erect perennial to 8' with attractive leaves and shiny black edible berries held in clusters. This was part of the native amerindian diet as were other Vaccinium species that grow in the Cascades.
        Rubiaceae 
               Rubia tinctorum            Dyer's Madder                10/4.00 
        Decumbent perennial herb whose roots contain anthraquinones that impart a red color to fabrics and paints. Plants have been hardy in our backyard to 20F below freezing.
Lamiales
         Lamiaceae 
                   Nepeta cataria        Catnip        see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds                       
        Traditional feline euphoric; seems to be cat specific. Hardy plants to 5'.
                    Melissa officinalis   Lemon Balm          100/3.00   14grams/$20
        Hardy perennial tea and medicinal mint that thrives in part shade, to 3'.
                    Ocimum sanctum         Tulsi Basil       see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
       Annual in the temperate zone with soft, velvety leaves whose fragrance and medicinal qualities have been revered in India for millennia. A venerable teaherb.
                   Lavandula angutifolius     Munstead Lavender   see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
        Hardy perennial from 1-2 feet tall with the characteristic fragrance used in soaps, candles and herbal teas. The dried flower tops are used to protect clothing from moths.
                   Leonotus cardiaca       Motherwort                      50/3.50
         Native to Europe and central Asia, this is a hardy perennial to 3' tall with classical use in herbal medicine.
                   Perilla frutescens       Yamasake Shiso                 50/4.00
          Seeds collected from the garden of Jensai and Kazuko Yamasake in northern California
more than 20 years ago. They were major contributors to the introduction of macrobiotic cuisine
to the USA. The plants have ruffled purple leaves with a fine fragrance.
                   Scutellaria barbata         Chinese Skullcap         50/4.00
        Hardy plants to 1' with small pale blue flowers. Has been used in Chinese traditional medicine for stress, anxiety, headaches, and depression. Extracts have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties (breast and pancreatic cancers) in that it induces apoptosis (programmed cell death). We thank Aline of Green Journey Seeds (Eugene, OR) for providing us seeds of this medicinal herb.
                   Salvia glutinosa     Jupiter's Distaff            10/4.00
       A yellow flowered species appreciated by hummingbirds. Hardy perennial.
                   Teucrium hyrcanium      Caucasian Germander         20/4.00
        2' hardy perennial shrub with attractive purple flower spikes.
           Plantaginaceae
                   Plantago species      Cape Blanco Plantain           25 seeds/5.00
     Probably Plantago ovata but unusual in several aspects. The huge single plant we found had 29" flower spikes and was growing in beach sand near a fresh water rivulet. Edible leaves.
             Scrophulariaceae
                  Aquilegia Mix         Columbine Mix        50/4.00
       From our backyard, a mixture of species and hybrids in a variety of colors, these
hardy perennials thrive during spring and cheer us up.

                    Verbascum blattaria      Moth Mullein            25/4.00 
      Hardy attractive biennial with yellow flowers and tall inflorescences to several feet.
Magnoliales
             Annonaceae
             Asimina triloba                        Pawpaw                6/5.00
      From seeds we collected and planted a decade ago, we had our first excellent harvest this
past year from 14' trees. This in a rather widely distributed tree in the eastern USA that likes shade in
its early years. It is distinguished by belonging to a unique temperate zone genus in a predominantly tropical family. The fruits are held in clusters and are truly delicious.
Ranunculales 
           Papaveraceae 
                   Papaver ruprifragum          Atlas Poppy           100/4.00
       From hardy basal rosettes of bluish-green leaves come 10-20" flower spikes with pale orange flowers. This perennial has become a well-appreciated garden plant since it flowers when few other
plants do.
           Ranunculaceae
                   Caltha palustris            Marsh Marigold             10/3.00
          Hardy aquatic species with spring flowering attractive bright yellow flowers.
Solanales
           Solanaceae (good sites for this family are SolanaceaeSource.org and solgenomics.net)
       Capsicum Peppers- for an uplifting educational article about capsicum species peppers see
http://www.saunalahti.fi/~thietavu/Chili/L_wild.htm?
        There is new interest in Capsicum with the discovery of more than a dozen new species in southeastern Brazil, all with 2n=26 chromosomes while the commonly known species have 2n=24. Further, as we grow more species and their cultivars, it seems that as for example in the following list of Capsicum baccatum distinguished by cultivar as well as with variety, the different varieties could well be species. In part it will depend on interspecies fertility which can be further developed. Some C. baccatums are more cold tolerant than many of our cultivated peppers which belong to Capsicum annuum, Capsicum chinense, Capsicum frutescens.
               Capsicum annuum     Aci Sivri Cayenne    see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
         A Turkish heirloom adapted to cooler nights and clay soils that grows to 3" and routinely produces 30-50 fruits per plant, 6-8" long, of mixed hotness. We eat fresh at most meals from summer through fall.
             Capsicum baccatum v. baccatum  Criolla Sella Pepper  see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
         Small 1' bushes, highly branched with remarkable production of 2-3" fruits that mature orange; hot, good for soups.
             Capsicum baccatum var. umbilicatum Monk's Hat Pepper see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
         Small 1-2' bushes with unusual bell shaped, trilobed fruits. These are hot and dry to a bright red color, suggesting high levels of the tomato antioxidant lycopene.
           Capsicum pubescens         Red Apple Chili     see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
        This Chili Manzano is sweet except for the central membranes that hold the seeds which is quite hot. These are sprawling bushes with purple flowers and 2.5x1.5" fruits with thick flesh. The largest fruits are 15-20 grams. By planting 1 year old plants in the floor of our greenhouse, in part shade, next to a trellis that holds a Giant Groundcherry, the plants are now 8-10 feet tall and ramble like the ground cherry. Single plants yield hundreds of fruits beginning in June and have perennialized. Seeds are black and plants have light green velvety leaves. Ecologically distinct from the peppers we ordinarily grow in our gardens.
         Capsicum rhomboideum    Perennial Species Pepper      10/4.00
        Native from southern Mexico to northern South America, the first of the 26 chromosome Capsicums (other familiar Capsicums have 24 chromosomes). Grown for years in a greenhouse, the leads reach up 12-14 feet. Plants have small yellow flowers and small round red fruits with no heat.
         Hesperis matronalis     Dame's Rocket     50/4.00
       Hardy, attractive biennial to short lived perennial with lavender, purple and white flowers.

         Physalis alkekengi          Chinese Lantern Plant        35/4.00
        Hardy perennial with red orange edible fruits enclosed in a papery husk. Beautiful in fall.
         Physalis peruviana         Giant Groundcherry            35/4.00
      Rambling 3-5' understory plants treated as 7 month annuals in the temperate zone. 1" spherical berries are orange when ripe with an aromatic, fragrant and delicious flavor. Gabriel Howearth picked up some fruits in Guatemala in the late '60s, passed them on to us and we have been maintaining it ever since. Start seeds in Jan-Mar for good outdoor crops. One plant in our main greenhouse grows over and  around an 8 foot trellis. It has been thriving for more than 15 years and has a large caudex. There are small amounts of free aminos in the fruit juice>>alanine, glutamic acid, proline, aspartic acid and serine. Dr. Jim Duke had us review a chapter about this species in The Lost Crops of the Incas published by the National Academy Press in 1987. Thus he introduced us to the tubers of
the Andes and the understanding that more root crops were developed in these mountains than
anywhere else on earth.
              Solanum cheesmaniae       Galapagos Orange Tomato           20/5.00
      A species from the Galapagos Islands with some of largest fruits (half inch spherical fruits) of any species tomatoes we have grown. Since it is know to cross with S. pimpinellifolium, this is maybe one of the species that has given rise to our large salad cultivars.
              Solanum habrochaites v glabratum   Wild Andean Species Tomato  15/5.00
      Renamed from Solanum=Lycopersicon hirsutum, this vigorous, ground covering rambler has bright yellow flowers. Plants have small hypertresses of flowers. This was the prime species
that gave rise to the centiflors ie hypertress tomatoes.
              Solanum habrochaites v typicum     Fuzzy Leaf Tomato    out of stock
      Annual species from the Peruvian Andes. Has velvety leaves, bright yellow flowers and small edible but not particularly tasty fruits. Attractive plants.
              Solanum lycopersicum (esculentum)         Tomato
     In the recent revision of the taxonomy of the genus Solanum (see solgenomics and SolanumSource.org), the tomato clade of about 17 species has once again been reincorporated into the huge genius Solanum (ca 1600 species). In addition, the derived, cultivar level tomatoes with which we are all familiar are included in a new species called Solanum lycopersicum replacing the familiar species S. esculentum. This group of plants is an interesting place for gardeners to learn about species and how they were/are the foundation of modern cultivated varieties. The seeds of modern edible tomatoes are 2-10x larger than those of the species. Plant architecture is different among the species and flavor of the small wild fruits has distinction lost in many modern cultivars. The solids in the juices of tomato fruits are mostly amino acids used to build proteins. The ones in the highest amount are glutamic acid, glutamine, aspartic acid, asparagine, gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA), serine and alanine. We still do not know  how the current tomato cultivars arose from the wild species.
                        A note about Centiflor Tomatoes that occasionally outbreed.
     In the following list of tomatoes are several that flower with hypertresses. By this we mean that when they flower they have clusters of flowers and then clusters of fruits. Some like Golden Tressette have 20-40 flowers on a tress. Others like Red Centiflor, Yellow Centiflor and Orange Centiflor can have more that 100 flowers on a tress and hence we coined the term centiflor for this phenomenon. In addition, both Geranium Kiss and Full Moon Kiss have hypertresses with 20-50 or more fruits on an inflorescence.
     During the decades that we have been growing tomatoes, saving their seeds and replanting them we have not found any crosses. That is until the centiflors. Occasionally the hypertress phenomenon arises in other cultivars that have bred true for a long time. Hence Dylana Kapuler has observed hypertresses in Peacevine Cherry and Palestinian heirloom.
      The hypertress trait arose from a cross of a cherry tomato with an Andean species. It was completely unexpected. In order to adapt to changes in environmental conditions crosses between individuals and species (ie outbreeders) are a fundamental part of the process of evolution. As a society and gardening culture that favors tomatoes we have been growing and seeding inbreeders ie self fertile cultivars and they do not mix genetically with one another. Thus we have not been developing cultivars that are locally adapted. Only by outcrossing and especially outcrossing by local insect pollinators do we move back into the rapid and essential adaptation of tomatoes into our own gardens with their unique ecologies and that face the extreme environmental changes that are now happening.
     Further discussion of Occasionally Outbreeding Tomatoes can be found on Mushroomsblog.blogspot.com.
        Solanum lycopersicum          Anahu Bush Tomato              20/4.00
       Determinate stocky Hawaiian cultivar from Glenn Teves. Red fruits to 1/2 pound. Excellent.
        Solanum lycopersicum            Bianca                                      30.5.00
      Heirloom from Arche Noah, Austria EU with pale yellow small cherry fruits of good flavor and long standing productivity. Late blight resistance.
       Solanum lycopersicum    Black Centiflor  Cherry Vine Tomato   20/4.00
      Original breeding by Graham Jenkins-Belohorska (UK) using Red Centiflor HT Cherry Vine Tomato as one of the parents. Vigorous indeterminate vines with purple blush on red fruits. Quite late blight resistant. Small hypertresses.
       Solanum lycopersicum    Early Willamette Bush Tomato see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
       Determinate bushes with 3 flowerings and fruit sets. Fruits in clusters of 4-10 red fruits 0.5-2 ounces each, similar in earliness to Stupice. Good late blight resistance.
         Solanum lycopersicum        Golden Tressette Tomato           20/6.00
        A beautiful indeterminate original cultivar with clusters of orange cherry sized fruits
of unique and excellent flavor. The flowering clusters generally have 20-40 fruits per tress. This
new cultivar has both Solanum pimpinellifolium and Solanum chilense in its ancestry.
         Solanum lycopersicum             Grape Tress Tomato                20/5.00
       Tresses of 20-30 flowers yield clusters of 1/2 inch orange tasty fruits. Our original seed stock came from Rosemarie LaCherez. This was one of the parents of the centiflor hypertress tomatoes.
          Solanum lycopersicum          Full Moon Kiss Bush Tomato    20/5.00
        A cultivar arising from Geranium Kiss Tomato with yellow fruits of excellent flavor.
          Solanum lycopersicum  Geranium Kiss Bush Tomato   see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
       Stocky 2' plants with hypertresses of 10-25 red fruits of 1 ounce size, excellent flavor, makes 2-4 sets of flowers and fruits. Plants last well into the fall and fruits maintain well on the dying bushes. Dylana considers it 'a one stake wonder'. When a long cool rain comes in the fall, most of the tomato plants get a late blight. This one is somewhat resistant, better than any we have seen except for
S. pimpinellifolium, the Currant tomato and Black Centiflor.
        Solanum lycopersicum                Healani Bush Tomato          30/4.00
      From Glenn Teves, stocky determinate cultivar with quarter to half pound red fruits.
         Solanum lycopersicum     Joe Pesch Tomato    see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
      A pink tomato with a long acuminate tip, quite unusual and unique in the tomato fruits we have seen during the past decades, of excellent flavor and a gift from Peter Zukis of Talent Oregon. Mr. Zukis, an accomplished gardener, got the seeds from an east coast buddy whose girlfriend's grandfather was a market and produce gardener in New Haven Connecticut during the 1920s. Joe Pesch brought it from Italy some time previous.
        Solanum lycopersicum              Komohana Cherry Tomato     20/5.00 
         Unusual indeterminate vine with long-standing thick-skinned fruits shaped like large red jelly beans. Good flavor and worth growing. Original seeds from Glenn Teves, Hawaii. Does not make many seeds.
        Solanum lycopersicum             Koralik Cherry Vine Tomato     30/4.00
       Indeterminate red, tart, productive 1/2" fruits from Andrey Baranovsky, Belarus.
         Solanum lycopersicum     Peacevine Cherry Vine Tomato  see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
        Selected from a well known hybrid since the early '70s, this vigorous indeterminate vine with two ranked flower spikes of a dozen flowers makes many very tasty 3/4" red fruits. In a university study of 30+ varieties of cherry tomatoes for Vitamin C content, this was #1. The fruit juice also contains 17 of the 20 amino acids used to make proteins with significant amounts of the neuromodulator GABA (gamma-amino-butyric acid).
        Solanum lycopersicum   Primabella Cherry Vine Tomato         20/4.00
       From German seedsman Jacob Wenz, a medium sized indeterminate red fruited mid season cultivar.
        Solanum lycopersicum       Primavera Cherry Vine Tomato       20/5.00
      Original seeds from Jacob Wenz of Germany give rise to very sweet and delicious early red cherry tomato fruits. Indeterminate.
        Solanum lycopersicum    Rote Johannesbere  Cherry Vine Tomato   40/5.00    
 Arche Noah (Austria EU) heirloom with tasty small red fruits in clusters on indeterminate vines. Late blight resistance. 
     Solanum lycopersicum  Red Centiflor Hypertress Cherry Tomato see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
      From our cross of L. humboldtii, the Grape Tress Tomato with L. hirsutum arose this unanticipated cultivar with clusters of dozens to hundreds of flowers held above the foliage where the silky hairs of the flower buds resemble insects followed by clusters of large numbers of 1" red sweet fruits that resist cracking and rot. The introduction of centiflor hypertress tomatoes as a new
development for the public domain provides parents for continued new developments in the
breeding of nutritionally and architecturally unique new cultivars.
      Solanum lycopersicum    Red Clusterpear Hypertress Cherry Tomato 30/4.00
      Red pear-shaped fruits on flowers carried above the foliage. These plants make hundreds of flowers and carry abundant fruits on vigorous plants. 
        Solanum lycopersicum Orange Centiflor Hypertress Tomato see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
     One of the unusual characteristics of the Centiflor tomatoes is that, unlike most garden tomatoes, they outcross occasionally. This creates problems in seed saving but opportunity for crosses that the bees can do. This new variety arose from a cross of Sungold with Red Centiflor. These are vigorous hypertress vines with remarkably delicious fruits.
      Solanum lycopersicum Yellow Centiflor Hypertress Tomato  see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
     Derived from the same cross detailed in the previous listing, this line makes somewhat larger fruit, with a distinctive point on the end of the round bright fruits. While both parent species leading to this cultivar has 5-20 flowers in a spike, these centiflors (meaning 100 flowers) have hypertresses of flowers leading to a unique and distinguishing aspect.
      Solanum lycopersicum                  Walhachin Tomato         50/5.00
      Named for a Canadian town in British Columbia. Plants are stocky, to 3' with red, half pound rather hard fruits. Original seed for this heirloom from Chuck and Penny Hayes of Kamloops, BC.
       Solanum lycopersicum v piriforme           Pear Shaped Tomato      50/3.50
     Shrubby plants to 2' with many tasty, red pear shaped fruits. One of the first cultivars derived from wild species.
       Solanum peruvianum       Wild Peruvian Species Tomato         20/5.00
      Strong indeterminate vine with bright yellow flowers in clusters. This is a hypertress species. In one hypertress of 84 flowers, all set fruits. Considered to be difficult to cross to the common tomatoes, successes, if any, come from using it's pollen to make crosses. Fruits are green with purple shading. Fruits are edible not choice.
         Solanum pimpinellifolium              Currant Tomato                   40/4.00
      Small red fruits in bichalazal racemes reminiscent of Sweet 100 or Peacevine Cherry. But the fruits are much smaller. The plants ramble extensively. Tasty fruits with intense flavor.
SUPERROSIDS
    Brassicales
          Brassicaceae 
              Alyssum montanum     Mountain Gold     15/4.00
     Hardy perennial with silvery evergreen foliage and early beautiful flowers.

               Barbarea verna         Early  Winter Cress          100/4.00
      Hardy biennial with nice aspect and tasty leaves similar to water cress for salad in cold weather.
               Brassica campestris ssp. rapifera   6 Root Grex Turnips   see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
      An interbreeding mix of six cultivars chosen for edible leaves and quality roots that is adapting to our local gardens, an ongoing eco-adaptive development.
               Brassica napus       True Siberian Kale              50/4.00
      Hardy biennial salad plant with the largest rootstocks of any kale we have seen.
               Brassica napus             Frizee Kale                 100/5.00
      From a single plant among many Russian Red Kale was the progenitor of this new line. Leaves are ruffled, complexly shaggy, soft and of excellent edibility.
              Brassica napus           Russian Red Kale               100/3.00
      A dependable heirloom for winter greens; to 4', vigorous plants with leaves salad and steamed greens in fall, winter, spring and summer. The top 5 free amino acids for protein synthesis in the leaf juice are in decreasing amounts: aspartic acid, glutamic acid, serine, alanine and threonine.

              Brassica juncea            Purple Wave Mustard          50/4.00
       From a cross of Green Wave and Osaka Purple, this is an attractive combination.
             Brassica juncea       Red Giant Mustard       100/3.00
     To 3' or more, large leaves purple on top side, hardy, somewhat hot flavor, very vigorous. 
              Brassica  oleracea       Walking Stick Giant Kale      out of stock
     Growing to 12', a European heirloom with thick stems that twist and turn as the plant grows seeking support and when dried making distinctive canes. 
              Brassica oleracea v. italica   Nutribud Broccoli  50/3.00     
      Open pollinated, large primary heads and good side-growth after primary harvest, to 2'. Vigorous and nutritious with significant amounts of glutamine and other free protein synthesis and energy amino acids in the stems and buds. Top florets have the most free amino acids compared with the stalk and stem that holds them. >>alanine, glutamine, glutamic acid, proline, GABA, serine and valine.
              Bunias orientalis       Turkish Rocket            50/3.00
      Hardy and weedy perennial to 3" with fragrant flowers loved by bees. 
               Cakile edentula         American Searocket       10/5.00
      Native to the PNW coastal beaches, hardy biennial to perennial with succulent edible leaves. Grows in beach sand at the edge above the intertidal zone and below the coastal tree zone of the shore pines and sitka spruce.
                Eruca sativa        Arugula/ Roquette   see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
      One of the choice temperate zone salad greens, particularly in fall, winter and spring where it's unique spicy and pungent flavor improves salads and tickles the palate. Free amino acids in leaf juices are >>proline, glutamine, glutamic acid, serine, GABA, alanine, valine and isoleucine.
              Lepidium sativum     Curly Cress      50/4.00
       Hardy annual salad plants for temperate climates. Hot flavor. High in Vitamins C, A and K.
         Tropaeolaceae 
            Tropaeolum tuberosum    Mashua  see Peaceseedlingsseeds.blogspot.com  
    Cucurbitales
          Cucurbitaceae
                  Cucumis sativus     Mideast Peace Cucumber      15/5.00
       Our favorite for decades. We stopped growing it for awhile and when we got some fresh seeds it was crossed to a pickling cuke. Took about 6 years to return it to a sweet fruited line. Selected from a mideast beit-alpha F1 hybrid. Fruits 4-5", thin skinned, excellent.
                   Cyclanthera brachystegia  Achocha    see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
        One of the Andean vegetables considered a lost crop but for many of us this is a new garden plant. Vines are prolific, thriving in our cool wet fall weather where a myriad of 1-2" green cucurbitaceous edible, crunchy, nice fruits are produced.
                   Cyclanthera pedata   Caigua, Slipper Gourd   see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
        Another rare food plant from the Andes with many virtues. Vines grow prodigiously, especially in the late summer and fall producing smooth skinned, hollow fruits that are 6-9" long and are stuffed and cooked like capsicum peppers with which they have taste similarities. The smaller, immature fruits are crunchy, tasty and carried on interesting flower spikes with one basal female flower that bears fruits and myriad male flowers higher up on the inflorescence. Fruits have unusual nutritional properties that include reducing cholesterol, countering diabetes, reducing inflammation (comparable to ibuprofen), stimulating weight loss and reducing cellulite. One of the few cucurbits whose leaves are eaten raw as a salad plant. 
     Fabales
            Fabaceae
        Sustainer of the world's soil fertility as homes for rhizobial microbes and as green manure and cover crops. The legumes and roses have different species of bacteria that fix nitrogen in their roots yet the flowers are very different. Thus Linnaeus supported a misconception about plant relationships that took more than 200 years to correct.
                Astragalus species        Volunteer Astragalus     15/4.00
        A 2-3' hardy perennial volunteer with white flowers appeared in our home garden giving rise
to the seeds that we offer. So far it is difficult to identify among the 3000 astragalus species.
               Cajanus cajan         Pigeon Pea          20/4.00
         Perennial nitrogen-fixing living 3-10 years, growing 6-10' bushy plants that are a sustainable food plant of tropical ecosystems. Growing and overwintering in our greenhouse, they began making flowers, pods and seeds the second year. Now, some years later we prune them down to 3-4' and they regrow in the following season… A primary food plant in zone 10 and warmer places, used for dahl and tempeh.
                 Lupinus polyphyllus     Big-leaved Lupin         15/4.00
       A west coast native that was one of the parents in the Russell Lupin hybrids found in many gardens. Beautiful large wheel shaped leaves with up to 16 leaflets. Spikes are up 5' and flowers are pink to tan. Collected in the Willamette Valley where only relic populations remain.
                 Melilotus albus          White Sweet Clover           15/4.00
       We first identified this annual/biennial species growing on the banks of the Applegate River in southern Oregon. This year it volunteered in our backyard garden and we are glad to offer this plant that grows to 6' with a fine vanilla-like fragrance.
                 Phaseolus vulgaris Alice Sunshine Snap Bush Beans  see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
       20" large vigorous plants with flat green 7-8" pods with fine flavor and productivity. Original public domain breeding Robert Lobitz.
                 Phaseolus vulgaris     Biko Snap Pole Beans          see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
        Productive snap bean cultivar with 6" pods and distinctive blue-grey seeds. Named in honor of Stephen Biko who was murdered in 1977 for opposing racial discrimination in South Africa. 
                Phaseolus vulgaris     Domatsu Snap Pole Beans        see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
        Vigorous vines, 6-8" green round pods held in clusters, excellent flavor.
                Phaseolus vulgaris   Hutterite Soup Bush Beans     see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
         During our first decade of seed growing and saving, we grew many different cultivars of bush beans without much savvy as to why they were heirlooms. Then one unusually cold and frozen winter we had to eat some of our bean seeds. At about the third pot of bean and vegetable soup we tried the Hutterite bean. Rather than staying as beans in the soup, they quickly turned into a thick, creamy chowder. It gave us some insight as to why certain seeds and their plants have been cherished and passed on from generation to generation. Sometimes we can rediscover the essential aspects of value to humanity in what continues to be worthy, even in high tech, high stress, high demand times.  
             Phaseolus vulgaris  New Mexico Cave Snap Pole Beans   see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
       Distinctly patterned seeds on tall medium-late vines with excellent 6" snap pods combine with it's history to make this worth growing. A few years after we became members of the SSE (the Seed Saver's Exchange), we received a package in the mail from a Mr. Pritchard with a note saying that the enclosed seeds would be of interest to us. He said they were a third generation from seeds found buried in a cave in a clay pot, sealed with pine pitch and C-14 dated to 1500 years ago. Interestingly, some 15 years later, one of my customers related that her daughter in a UCLA anthropology course digging for pygmy elephants in New Mexico found a clay pot with the beans and had them carbon dated. No one has related about their initial germination and growth, both of which are considered unlikely in modern scientific terms. We have grown them for decades and seeds are unlike any other. Several people have selected lines of this bean whose markings are characteristic and distinguishable from one another.
      The snap pods of peas and beans are some of the richest sources for free amino acids in our diets. The analysis of the juice from a fresh snap bean of this traditional and other heirloom cultivars shows large amounts of the following free pre-protein amino acids >>glutamine, alanine, glutamic acid, valine, threonine, methionine, leucine, cysteine and lysine.
            Phaseolus vulgaris   Red Swan Snap Bush Beans    see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
      One of Robert Lobitz's original public domain cultivars. 16-20" plants have 5" red snap pods of good flavor and distinctive appearance. This cultivar produces edible pods early and in abundance.
            Pisum sativum    Green Beauty Snow Vine Pea  see PeaceSeedlingSeeds
     8' vines make 5-8" snow peas in abundance, bicolor purple flowers, green pods, a choice cultivar with large delicious oriental style pods. A Peace Seedlings favorite.
            Pisum sativum    Magnolia Blossom Snap Vine Pea          see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
     Prolific hypertendril vines exceed 8-10' with green snap pods some having a purple stripe and bicolor purple flowers.
            Pisum sativum   Opal Creek Yellow Snap Vine Pea      see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
     Unique and tasty 3" snap pods on 5-6' vines with white flowers and remarkably sweet leaves that surround the stems of the vines. The first yellow podded snap cultivar. Has been longstanding and productive in tropical ecologies. Named to commemorate the struggle to preserve our old growth forests.
            Pisum sativum    Spring Blush Snap Vine Pea             see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
     Vigorous vines to 8-10' with bicolor purple flowers and green snap pods, most with a pink blush. This is a hypertendril cultivar.
            Pisum sativum    Sugar Magnolia Purple Snap Vine Pea   see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
      Vigorous vines with purple flowers and purple 3-4" snap pods of fine flavor. We have two seed batches for this purple snap vine cultivar. We will pack the hypertendril cultivar first and then when it runs out, we will use a seed stock that has a mixture of tendril types: regular, hypertendril and vetch (no tendrils) and parsley. Unexpectedly, the cross of a Parsley Bush Pea with a Purple Podded Snap Vine Pea generated the hypertendril trait. Hypertendrils are very distinctive, they hold a population of peas together, a useful self-supporting characteristic.
             Pisum sativum         Sugaree Snap Vine Pea      see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
     An excellent tall growing vine with 4" green snap pods, 2 flowers/node, white flowers. A public domain cultivar in a heavily PVPed group of plants.
                  Thermopsis montana      Golden Banner          15/4.00
     A hardy western species with trifoliate leaves and bright yellow flowers on 3-4' spikes. We have observed only scattered patches of this attractive species in west-central Oregon.
                   Vicia faba       Iant's Yellow Fava   see PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
     One day some years ago, Ianto Evans returned from Guatemala with a bag of fava beans part of which he shared with us. While collecting the tan seeds from one of the plants, one of the pods had several bright yellow seeds. The next season they were planted and bred true. Some years later, there was an article about Israeli researchers who found elevated levels of dopamine in the seeds and suggested that they would be useful food for folks suffering from Alzheimer's disease.
                 Vicia faba       Longpod Major Fava Beanssee PeaceSeedlingsSeeds
    5-6 large seeds per pod on 3' plants; plants can make nodules on their roots the size of a dime, Here they overwinter well when small and before flowering. Then they make food early in the season like peas. The plants flower a month earlier than Iant's Yellow.
                Vicia faba      Red Cheek Fava Beans         6/4.00
     Years ago in our early days of seed growing and collecting, we received some large tan fava beans from Peru with a distinctive red-purple blotch on the flat surfaces of the seeds. 
       Myricaceae 
            Myrica californica     Wax Myrtle         40/4.00
     Western native coastal species of shrub to small tree with male and female plants. Grows in moist sand and has nitrogen fixing root nodules.
  Geraniales 
       Geraniaceae 
            Geranium pratense    Meadow Cranesbill      15/4.00
     An attractive, hardy and perennial herb that is native to Europe. Seeds came to us from Frances Hoffman twenty years ago and plants have inhabited our home garden since then. Seeds from
plants with blue, white and magenta flowers.
Myrtales
        Onagraceae
             Epilobium canum      California Fuschia               10/4.00
       Hardy and attractive red flowered shrub to 3'. Also called Zauschneria or Willowherb Firechalice    
              Oenothera biennis   Common Evening Primrose   50/4.00 
        An attractive yellow flowered species that is biennial to short lived perennial.
 Oxalidales
         Oxalidaaceae 
                Oxalis tuberosa   Oca   see peaceseedlingsseeds.blogspot.com
    Rosales
         Rhamnaceae          
                Frangula purshiana        Cascara Sagrada        5/3.00
      Small tree whose fruits and bark have been used medicinally, especially for constipation.
           Rosaceae
                Cotoneaster franchetii  Orange Cotoneaster    5/4.00
         Walking around our south Corvallis neighborhood, we noticed a shrub with small attractive
orange fruits and then sometime later to our delight we noticed that a plant  of this SW China species had volunteered in our backyard.

               Potentilla thurberi    Potentilla species    10/3.00
       Hardy clumping species to 1' tall distinguished by brown-red flowers from a large genus that
otherwise has exclusively yellow flowered plants.
                Prunus domestica       Italian Prune Plum     5 stones/3.00
       Prolific fruiting plum that matures in mid season. Fine flavor and vigorous producer of
volunteer seedlings.
                Prunus domestica hybrida  Sunshine Daydream Plum    5 stones/7.00 
       Seeds from a single volunteer plum tree in our yard that likely arose from a Burbank Satsuma crossed with a purple leaved Prunus pissardii. The medium sized fruits are delicious and mature in late october to mid november making it the latest plum cultivar of the half dozen that thrive under our conditions. Rooted cuttings from this tree are now available from One Green World.
                Prunus domestica x insititia   La Petite d'Agen Plum  5 stones/4.00
      We bought a plum tree from a local nursery, supposedly a Brooks, one of the largest and well known varieties for making prunes. After a few years we got some plums. They were teardrop shaped, exceedingly delicious and quite small. We dried a few and they made superb dried plums. So we traced them down to a remarkable history. In the 12th century, returning from the Crusades and ancient city of Damascus (modern day Syria), monks collected seeds of the Damask (or Damson) plum which originated in the Caucasus Mountains between the Black an Caspian Seas. The monks planted the seeds in a monastery in the southwest of France about 35 miles from the town of Agen. These trees crossed to a wild, local plum and gave rise to a legendary heirloom that we inadvertently acquired. The 80,000 acres of these plums in three counties in California provide the major part of the world supply of commercial dried plums.
        Sapindales
            Sapindaceae
                 Aesculus glabra            Buckeye           5/4.00
     A member of the  genus of horse chestnuts, this is a native of the lower great plains states into Texas. Frances Hoffman gave us a flat with seeds more than 20 years ago. This is the third seed crop. The trees grow under a large black walnut. Not edible.
          Saxifragales
                Paeonaceae
                       Paeonia ludlowii      Yellow Tibetan Tree Peony    3/4.00
      A beautiful hardy shrub to 6' or more with golden yellow many petaled flowers. We are glad
to thank Louise Parsons for giving us a start of this esteemed medicinal plant. Also called
Paeonia lutea v. ludlowii and native to parts of Tibet.
   
Free Amino Acids In Our Commonly Grown Organic Fruits and Vegetables, Particularly Ones That Make Proteins. By Alan M. Kapuler Ph.D. and S. Gurusiddiah Ph.D. 61 pages, collated Peace Seeds Journals 1988-1997 $20 + $2 postage
      Six papers with HPLC Analysis of many leaf, root, fruit and flower juices, the Hoxsey tonic, garbanzo bean miso, broccoli-an inch at a time from stem to buds, onion-one bulb leaf at a time from the outside in.
      This work is done to explore amino acid nutrition. It provides meaningful and specific data about the essential small molecule precursors of proteins. Done over a period of 10 years, the head of the Bioanalytical Laboratory of Washington State University at Pullman WA did the high pressure liquid chromatographic (HPLC) analyses of juices provided by us. The results show that pods making high protein seeds are the best source of free amino acids for protein synthesis. Thus peas, as snaps and snows, beans as snaps, okra as immature pods are the most productive free amino acid sources for the cuisine of the gardener.
      We eat proteins to break them down to amino acids with which we build our own proteins. Nuts, seeds of many kinds, proteins in leaves and other living creatures continue to be important protein sources. Looking to make a balanced amino acid food system encourages non-violence (ahimsa) at the core of our humanimal food system. Similarly, using amino acids as criteria for selection of cultivars moves us towards a broad range of physiologically important criteria for improving our health, longevity and ability to withstand the stresses of our current society.                                                              
        For a developmental article about Public Domain Plant Breeding see:        mushroomsblog.blogspot.com
        For discussion level videos see the following as well:
cooking up a story.com/alan-kapuler-open-pollinated-public-domain-
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5-w2yjKWZig
ukiahcommunityblog.wordpress.com/2011/05/25/alan-kapuler-—-peace-seeds-man-of-science-ideas-and-humanity/#more-34515
        For a lecture spanning a broader spectrum of issues see untitled.pnca.edu/articles/show/1059/
        For an article about our endeavors see 'Ecological Sanity in an Era of Corporate Monoculture' by Genevieve Weber in the corvallisadvocate.com August-September 2012 pgs.8-10.
      A recent article about Peace Seedlings and Andean Roots by Genevieve Weber in corvallisadvocate.com December 20-27 2012, has some great photos and text pgs. and front cover.
        For an inspiring new book see Planting A Future, Profiles from Oregon's New Farm Movement by John Vincent 2014
         



               

      









                                  































7 comments:

  1. Excellent post!!! I have learnt many things form here. I have also website where you can visit and pass your pleasure time. In everyone’s life, at some time, our inner fire goes out. It is then burst into flame by an encounter with another human being. We should all be thankful for those people who rekindle the inner spirit. To get more information, visit here……………
    diets that work

    ReplyDelete
  2. Interesting post...thanks for sharing this great list of peace seeds, keep it up!

    wild flower seed

    ReplyDelete
  3. Nice blog, it provides many informative and helpful articles. Thanks for sharing the information about peace seeds. Looking for more updates in future.

    Chinese Cabbage Seeds

    ReplyDelete
  4. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Hello! I've been reading your blog for a while now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Houston Texas! Just wanted to say keep up the great work! canadian marijuana seeds

    ReplyDelete
  6. hey there and thank you for your information – I’ve definitely picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise some technical points using this website, since I experienced to reload the web site a lot of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. best marijuana strains for sale

    ReplyDelete
  7. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your site? My blog site is in the very same area of interest as yours and my visitors would really benefit from some of the information you provide here. Please let me know if this ok with you. Appreciate it! seeds canada

    ReplyDelete